This Tree Could Make Coffee Plantations More Profitable And More Environmentally Sound - Modern Farmer

This Tree Could Make Coffee Plantations More Profitable And More Environmentally Sound

A delicious (and profitable) pairing.

Stephanie Watson at Flickr
Photography

Coffee is almost exclusively grown in very hot climates – the top producing countries are in South America, Southeast Asia, and East Africa. Coffee needs those warm temperatures, but it’s also sensitive, and that has growers concerned.

An eight-year study out of Brazil may have come up with an answer. About 90% of coffee is currently grown in a monocropping system, meaning it’s the only crop grown in a given area. But intercropping – staggering coffee with other crops – could have some pretty amazing benefits. The coffee plant is a bush, fairly low to the ground on most farms, so interspersing a taller plant or tree could provide some shade to help ease the coffee through hotter days. When done smartly, intercropping can recharge the soil and even fight off pests by working in tandem.

The new study landed on one tree that seems to answer all those questions and then some: the noble macadamia, and a specific Hawaiian variety seems to fit the bill perfectly. It’s smaller canopy, compared to other macadamia varietals, provides just the right amount of shade to help the coffee through the heat of the day, but not enough to possibly impede its growth.

Perhaps the best part is that the macadamia tree isn’t just used for shade: macadamia nuts are frequently listed as the world’s most expensive nut, with retail prices often around $15 per pound. The researchers in this study estimate that intercropping coffee with this particular macadamia tree could make coffee in a 178% as profitable than coffee alone.

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I’m from Calamba City but wanted to raise coffee plantation in Western Samar. Where can I purchase seedlings? Is there available market that will buy the harvest?

Habib

I’m from Chiitagong,Bangladesh.How i collect the sapling of this macademia tree???

Kusemererwa Peter

Thanks for this informative information that is helpful for a coffee farmer like me. Please keep it up.

Kasigwa Ben martin

Thank you

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