Our guide to finding the perfect porcine pal, whether for companionship or lardo.
It’s important to know what you’re getting into, though. Pigs, says heritage breeder Jenny Blaney, can be “totally destructive. They can wreck 200 acres overnight, but they are gregarious, chatty, smart, a joy. God had a sense of humor when he made pigs, and you have to have a sense of humor when you own them.”
With a lifespan of at least 10 years, a pet pig is a big commitment. Outdoor pigs need a nice dry place to sleep, like a strawfilled shed or doghouse. Indoor pigs need comfortable, soft bedding – large crates or dog beds work well. As natural herd animals, pigs like company, so much so that pig owners report it’s often easier to keep two pigs than just one. And your pigs will need space to exercise. The major problems with pigs of all kinds, says Dr. John Carr, a veterinarian specializing in pigs, is that “the adults are generally overfed.” In other words, don’t let your porker become a porker.
Regardless of breed, feed your pigs specialized feed and supplement their diet with vegetarian kitchen scraps or produce from your yard. Read on for more tips on finding the right porcine pal for you.
Vietnamese Potbellied Pig
Hobby hog farmers will attest to the friendliness of pigs of all stripes (and spots), but Vietnamese potbellied pigs make the best indoor pets. In contrast to many full-sized hogs, which can tip the scales at 600 to 1,500 pounds, adult potbellieds average just 120 pounds – which is still plenty for an animal that’s smart enough to open the refrigerator door. Living with pet pigs will require childproofing your home, and potbellieds are a bit like toddlers: They are by turns snuggly, aggressive, intelligent and stubborn. While pigs and cats may become close friends and even bedmates, dogs are natural pig predators and therefore not generally compatible with potbellieds.
Potbellied-sized kunekune pet pigs are friendly and outgoing: “They are great backyard pets,” says Susan Armstrong-Magidson, president of the Pig Placement Network, which finds new homes for pet pigs. Unscrupulous dealers may advertise “micro-pigs” or “teacup pigs,” but these are simply piglets that will eventually outweigh a middle-school bully.
Saddleback (left) and Gloucestershire Old Spots (right)
For generations, European truffle hunters have trained female pigs to seek out the prized wild fungi, whose scent resembles a sexual pheromone in male pigs. Once the search is complete, separating a sow from her truffle is a tricky business, so these days truffle dogs are more common. Any breed will do, but saddlebacks are known for their grazing ability, and Gloucestershire Old Spots are particularly adorable, with their lop ears suggesting an eye on the ground.
Tamworth and Large Black
Pigs raised for bacon are usually slaughtered at around 6 months old, if you can bear it. And in a bacon contest, Tamworth and Large Black pigs are usually the winners. Both grow relatively slowly, which produces fine-grained ribbons of fat laced into the meat of the belly. If you’re planning to raise pigs for bacon, be ready for the messy business of slaughter. If you’re wanting to sell your meat, or are feeling squeamish, find a USDA-certified slaughterhouse near you.
Berkshire (not pictured) and Oxford Sandy and Black
Berkshire pigs (often marketed as kurobuta) have gained a reputation for flavorful, marbled pork. Genetically related, both Oxford Sandy and Black and Berkshire pigs offer delectable pork and bacon, plus excellent temperaments, making them perfect for first timers interested in raising pigs for meat and company (though pigs raised for pork are also slaughtered around the 6-month mark).
Behind the Scenes of Pork Photography
Photographer Richard Bailey takes us behind the scenes of shooting the cover model for our Spring 2014 issue — one very noisy pig named Tallulah.
do you have any recommendations of books about the care of pigs? in particular kune kune/miniture/micro pigs.
You forgot Göttingen pigs! Which are the real mini-pigs… c’mon.
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